Terpenes: The Basics

What on Earth Are Terpenes?

You’ve probably heard of terpenes, but what are they exactly? In this article, we will cover what terpenes are, the different types, and their health benefits.

Terpenes are everywhere.

What Are Terpenes?

Terpenes are organic compounds that are produced by a wide variety of plants and are often found in essential oils. Terpenes are what give plants their characteristic smells, and they can be found in everything from citrus fruits, to pine needles to conifers. There are over 20,000 different types of terpenes, and each one has its own distinct aroma and flavor profile. In addition to their role in plant biology, terpenes are also used extensively in the perfume industry. In recent years, however, interest in terpenes has shifted from the aesthetic to the therapeutic.

Terpenes in CBD Explained

Terpenes are a chemical compound that is present in cannabis as well as in the oil THC and CBD. CBD terpenes have a variety of health effects. Terpenes are not just responsible for the amazing smells and flavors, they also have a variety of therapeutic effects, due to their natural compounds. Studies have shown that certain terpenes can help with pain relief, inflammation, anxiety, and even depression. When combined with CBD, the effects of terpenes are even more potent.

Terpenes are found in whole plant extract and essential oils

Does CBD Oil Have Terpenes?

Yes! Terpenes in CBD oils are a powerful component and can offer strong health benefits. Terpenes are found in almost every plant. You don't need to worry about whether you are consuming Broad Spectrum CBD or Full-Spectrum CBD oil, the terpene's benefits are vast and can be found in all CBD products. Please do keep in mind, CBD isolate may not have as many therapeutic benefits as Broad Spectrum CBD or Full-Spectrum CBD oil, as it has been refined several times, and does not benefit from all the great terpene qualities, nor the entourage effect.

What Are the Most Common Terpenes in CBD Oil?

Cannabis strains can be broadly classified into three categories based on their dominant terpene profile: Indica, Sativa, and hybrid. Read on to learn more about the different types of terpenes and how they can benefit your health.

Indica Dominant Strains

Indica-dominant strains are characterized by their high levels of myrcene. Myrcene is a sedative terpene that gives these strains their “couch-lock” effect. Indica dominant strains are perfect for those who want to relax after a long day or fall asleep easily at night.

Sativa Dominant Strains

Sativa dominant strains are known for their uplifting and energizing effects. This is due to their high levels of limonene, a citrusy-smelling terpene that has mood-enhancing effects.

Hybrid Strains

Hybrid strains are a mix of Indica and Sativa strains and contain a variety of different terpenes. As a result, they can offer both the body relaxation effects of an Indica, as well as the mental stimulation of a Sativa.

Pine has a natural herbal scent with anti-inflammatory effects.

What are the Terpene Benefits?

Terpenes have been around for hundreds of years, though they have become front and center within the wellness industry. The hemp plant contains many different terpenes. This is one of the reasons many love the hemp plant for its therapeutic properties and antibacterial properties. There are so many plant species filled with natural terpenes, including aromatic compounds. Even the smallest terpenes in CBD oils can make a huge difference in the effectiveness of the CBD product.

Broad spectrum CBD products contain common terpenes.

What Are CBD Terpenes Benefits?

A growing body of scientific evidence suggests that terpenes found in CBD may also have a range of health benefits. Terpenes in CBD have been shown to boost cognitive function and improve sleep quality. Given the wide range of potential benefits associated with terpenes, it's no wonder that they are becoming increasingly popular as a natural remedy for a variety of ailments.

How Do Terpenes Work?

The exact mechanisms by which terpenes exert their effects on the human body are not yet fully understood. However, it is known that terpenes interact with the body's endocannabinoid system—the same system that is responsible for the therapeutic effects of cannabis. Studies have shown that different combinations of terpenes can produce different results, which suggests that there is a complex interplay between the various compounds.

Did you Say Citrus Fruits have a High Concentration of Terpenes?

Yes, not only are citrus fruits loaded with Vitamin C and other health benefits, they have large amounts of terpene Limonene, which gives them a strong scent and sharp taste. Terpenes are everywhere and play an important role in our everyday health.

What are the Most Abundant Terpenes in Hemp Extract?

Myrcene terpenes is the most abundant terpene found in CBD oil, as well as Pinene, Linalool, Limonene, Caryophyllene, and Humulene.

What Terpenes are Found in the Cannabis Plant and CBD Oil?

There are quite a few different terpenes in the cannabis plant. Specifically, you can find the following terpenes in different cannabis strains. Each cannabis strain can contain the following, along with other cannabinoids and other terpenes.

  • Beta-caryophyllene. A major ingredient in cloves, rosemary, and hops, beta-caryophyllene. These terpenes are beneficial for helping manage symptoms of anxiety and depression.

  • Beta-pinene. Essentially the smell of pine could also have potentially both anti-depressant and anti-cancer benefits.

  • Humulene. This terpene is found in ginseng, which has long been used in folk medicine for energizing effects.

  • Limonene. One of the most commonly found terpenes, limonene has distinct citrus notes and may potentially have anti-cancer properties.

  • Linalool. Those that love lavender as aromatherapy love linalool, which helps alleviate stress.

  • Myrcene. Found in mangoes, myrcene has antifungal and antibacterial properties and may have sedating effects.

Are Terpenes Safe?

Yes! Terpenes are perfectly safe for human consumption, and there is no evidence to suggest that they carry any risks or side effects. That being said, it's always a good idea to consult with a healthcare professional before adding any new supplement to your diet, just to be on the safe side.

The Bottom Line.

If you're looking for a natural way to improve your health and well-being, then you may want to consider trying terpenes. These aromatic molecules occur naturally in plants and have been shown to offer a wide range of potential health benefits. What's more, they are safe for human consumption and easy to add to your diet—so why not give them a try today? You just might be surprised at how much difference they can make! CBD loaded with terpenes is a great natural option for your everyday well-being.